Looking westward, the freely elected President of Czechoslovakia Václav Havel, a dissident and human rights activist, did not lose time to give a moving speech before the joint session of the US Congress in 1990. US President George H. W. Bush visited Prague, as the first American President ever, to rejoice in the restored democracy and alliance between the two nations. In 1993, the Czechs and Slovaks went their own way during the Velvet Divorce, a model, peaceful split of the country into two, the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The Czech Republic strengthened its relations with America, under US President Bill Clinton and with the fervent support of US Secretary of State, Madeleine Korbelová Albright, who is the daughter of a former Czechoslovak diplomat under President Masaryk. Since joining the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in 1999, the Czech Republic has partaken in NATO operations in Kosovo, Iraq, and Afghanistan. Prague hosted the 2002 NATO Summit, where the alliance’s post-Cold War Open Door Policy was reaffirmed. Pointedly, US President Barack Obama traveled to Prague to outline his vision of the world without nuclear weapons, returning again in 2010 to sign the New START Agreement. Moving forward, the Czech Republic has worked closely with the US as members of the international coalition in their fight against terrorism.